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欧盟拟制定草甘膦在大豆中的进口限量

放大字体  缩小字体 时间:2021-10-29 09:17 来源:vwin德嬴手机客户端  作者: 泽夕   
核心提示:2021年10月28日,欧盟食品安全局(EFSA)发布消息称,拟制定草甘膦(glyphosate)在大豆中的进口限量。
   vwin德嬴手机客户端 讯  2021年10月28日,欧盟食品安全局EFSA)发布消息称,拟制定草甘膦(glyphosate)在大豆中的进口限量
 
  根据欧盟委员会第396/2005号法规第6章,Corteva 向德国国家主管部门提交申请,要求制定草甘膦在大豆中的进口限量。经过评估,欧盟食品安全局得出结论,根据所报道的农业实践,短期和长期摄入因使用草甘膦而产生的残留物不太可能对消费者健康构成风险。然而,长期接触计算受到MRL审查期间确定的数据缺口相关不确定性的影响,并且基于如下假设,即草甘膦现有用途的最大残留限量将按照最近MRL审查的建议进行修正。部分原文报道如下:
 
  In accordance with Article 6 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, the applicant Corteva submitted a request to the competent national authority in Germany to set an import tolerance for the active substance glyphosate in genetically modified (GM) soyabeans imported from the USA. The genetic modification confers tolerance to the herbicide glyphosate. The data submitted in support of the request were found to be sufficient to derive maximum residue level (MRL) proposals for soyabeans. When the MRL is calculated according to the existing residue definition for enforcement in soyabeans (glyphosate only), there is no indication that the existing MRL of 20 mg/kg needs to be modified. However, an MRL of 50 mg/kg was also calculated in line with the residue definition for enforcement which has been proposed during the MRL review for glyphosate-tolerant (CP4-EPSPS) soybeans (sum of glyphosate, AMPA and N-acetyl-glyphosate, expressed as glyphosate). A risk management decision needs to be taken on the possible implementation of the residue definition for enforcement derived by the MRL review and therefore on the need to change the existing MRL for soyabeans. Adequate analytical methods for enforcement are available to control the residues of glyphosate, AMPA and N-acetyl-glyphosate in the commodity under consideration, at the validated limit of quantification (LOQ) of 0.05 mg/kg (for each compound). However, confirmatory methods for N-acetyl-glyphosate (in high water and high fat content matrices and dry commodities) and for AMPA (in all matrices) are still missing. EFSA concluded that the short-term and long-term intake of residues resulting from the existing uses of glyphosate and the import tolerance on soyabeans is unlikely to present a risk to consumer health. The chronic exposure calculation, however, is affected by uncertainties related to the data gaps identified during the MRL review and is based on the assumption that MRLs for the existing uses of glyphosate will be amended as recommended in the recent MRL review.
 
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日期:2021-10-29
 
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